Древнейшие города Европы

Британский The Telegraph составил список из 16-ти старейших городов Европы. Особенно порадовало, что в этот список попало сразу два грузинских города — Кутаиси на 8-ом месте, Мцхета на 14-ом. Впечатляет! Весь список с фото доступен по адресу http://goo.gl/THSLhY

Краткое содержание:

  1. Греческий город Аргос (население появилось 5000 г. назад до н.э.)
  2. Афины (5000 г. назад до н.э.)
  3. Пловдив (Болгария, 4000 г. до н.э.)
  4. Ханья (Крит, 4000 г. до н.э.)
  5. Греческая Патра (3500 г. до н.э.)
  6. Греческая Трикала (3000 г. до.н.э.)
  7. Фивы (Греция, 3000 г. до н.э.)
  8. Кутаиси (Грузия, население стало заселять этот город во втором тысячелетии до н.э.)
  9. Ларнака (Кипр, 1300 г. до н.э.)
  10. Греческий город Халкида (1300 г. до н.э.)
  11. Лиссабон (Португалия, 1200 г. до н.э.)
  12. Остров Лесбос (Митилини) (Греция, 1100 г. до н.э.)
  13. Испанский город Кадис (1100 г. до н.э.)
  14. Мцхета (Грузия, 1100 г. до н. э.)
  15. Хорватский город Задар (900 г. до н.э.)
  16. Ереван, Армения (782 г. до н.э.)

Под катом пара фото Кутаиси и Мцхеты и оригинальный английский текст 🙂

Kutaisi, a city in western Georgia, was the capital of the Kingdom of Colchis, an ancient region of the southern Caucasus, from as early as the second millennium BC. The city has been the centre of multiple conflicts between Georgian kings, and Russians and Ottoman rulers, and was an industrial centre when Georgia formed part of the Soviet Union. Its state historical museum contains 16,000 artefacts relating to Georgian history and culture. More interestingly, perhaps, Kutaisi is also home to a martial arts museum. The Bagrati Cathedral, pictured, was restored in 2012, against the wishes of UNESCO, which then placed it on its list of World Heritage Sites in danger, saying the project would “undermine the integrity and authenticity of the site”.

8. Kutaisi, Georgia
When did the earliest inhabitants settle? 2nd millennium BC
Kutaisi, a city in western Georgia, was the capital of the Kingdom of Colchis, an ancient region of the southern Caucasus, from as early as the second millennium BC. The city has been the centre of multiple conflicts between Georgian kings, and Russians and Ottoman rulers, and was an industrial centre when Georgia formed part of the Soviet Union. Its state historical museum contains 16,000 artefacts relating to Georgian history and culture. More interestingly, perhaps, Kutaisi is also home to a martial arts museum. The Bagrati Cathedral, pictured, was restored in 2012, against the wishes of UNESCO, which then placed it on its list of World Heritage Sites in danger, saying the project would “undermine the integrity and authenticity of the site”.
Имеретия на Астролябии — http://astrolabe.su/category/georgia/imereti/

The placement of Georgia in Europe is perhaps contentious, but given the widely-accepted definition of the continent’s border beyond the whole Caucasus region, it is fair to consider the country as European. Mtskheta, north of the capital Tbilisi, is thought to have been founded around 3,000 years ago, and is notable as the place Georgians accepted Christianity – the country’s main religion today – in 317. Collectively, its historical monuments, including the Holy Cross Monastery of Jvari, Svetitskhoveli Cathedral and Samtavro Monastery, are a UNESCO's World Heritage Site. They are described as “outstanding examples of medieval religious architecture in the Caucasus”, and archaeological findings inside them prove a high level of skill in masonry and pottery.

14. Mtskheta, Georgia
When did the earliest inhabitants settle? 1,000 BC
The placement of Georgia in Europe is perhaps contentious, but given the widely-accepted definition of the continent’s border beyond the whole Caucasus region, it is fair to consider the country as European. Mtskheta, north of the capital Tbilisi, is thought to have been founded around 3,000 years ago, and is notable as the place Georgians accepted Christianity – the country’s main religion today – in 317. Collectively, its historical monuments, including the Holy Cross Monastery of Jvari, Svetitskhoveli Cathedral and Samtavro Monastery, are a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. They are described as “outstanding examples of medieval religious architecture in the Caucasus”, and archaeological findings inside them prove a high level of skill in masonry and pottery.

Мцхета на Astrolabe.su — http://astrolabe.su/category/georgia/mtskheta-mtianeti/mtskheta/